top of page

Education a catalyst for peace, perspectives from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Updated: Jul 5, 2022

In a study of the role of education in post-conflict peacebuilding perspectives from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are noted, that it has recently given renewed attention to its education sector, premised on the realization that accessible, quality and inclusive education is crucial to bringing peace and future development (Fazalehaq & Aleem, 2017).


Learning in conflict areas has often been overlooked, mainly the role played by education in post-conflict peacebuilding. Methods such as ceasefire agreements, military interventions, and the establishment of peace zones are often seen. However, these are short-term remedies relaying from the fact that they don’t achieve long-term stability and peace. Reforms for peace building are meant to be transformative hence the connection with the education given its nature of character formation and socialization that are crucial to peace building. In a region such as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, education is an excellent methodology to achieve inclusion, equality, reconciliation, social capital formation, and lasting peace.


The idea of education as a peacebuilding mechanism introduces peace education programs that include conflict resolution and dispute settlement procedures, enriching the growth of positivity and control of emotional management. Peacebuilding, such as nationalism, reconciliation, and understanding of the historical context, can be effectively taught to young people through formal learning (OECD, 2012). In the last decade, the regional administration of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has worked with non-governmental organizations to introduce peace education programs in schools across the province.


It is essential to see that reforms like these embed and instill peacebuilding as character development in students. These programs, if made mandatory, can severely mitigate conflicts, enhancing peacebuilding through education.


Sources;

Akhter, Nasreen & lah, samee & sahab, shabnum. (2022). The Role Of Education In Post-Conflict Peace Building: Learner Perspectives From. Webology. 19. 542.


56 views8 comments

8 bình luận


This is a wonderful take on a sensitive topic. The solutions that you mentioned are ones that have rarely been utilized outside of theory. You have rightly pointed out that measures such as safe zones are only going to act as a band aid and cannot be considered as long term solutions.

My question is how this peacebuilding education will be implemented in societies which thrive off of hate-mongering?

Thích
Phản hồi lại

Well its a start, I understand and very much have the question of how certain reforms will ever exist or ever thrive in societies that are of hate mongering and propagate violence, its is important to see that the reforms being created is just a start the existence of the peace program itself is a big deal, also it is in the books for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and I believe that is a start to what will be a very long journey towards a peace building education

Thích

You have made some excellent points. Peace-building through education can really go a long way and be of great benefit in helping to reduce conflict. If children, especially boys, are not gaining education in conflict-affected areas, there is a higher chance for them to be recruited by militant groups as they can then be easier to manipulate. Educating students through means of building peace in conflict-affected zones can make sure that these children are aware of the atrocities that are being committed by the militant groups and are not easily brainwashed by them.

Thích
Phản hồi lại

You highlight a crucial point the ability of recruitment of children for militant groups is far to embedded there need to be reforms created to tackle that as well, using education and assuring all children are receiving education is very important and reforms like the ones highlighted din the blogs should be implemented

Thích

A great outlook on the realities of post-conflict zones. I think it rightly outlines the difference in needs of individuals living in post-conflict zones and the importance of addressing them. What else in your opinion can be done in terms of practical reforms in schools for communities who have seen years of conflict?

Thích
Phản hồi lại

The introduction of the peace programs into the curriculum as mandatory subjects are tangible and are necessary to mitigate possibilities of any tensions and I believe that though it is a years progress, starting on programs like these will show fruit early on given that lowered inhibitions towards other groups will promote a healthy relationship between groups who may be prone to conflict

Thích

Quite an interesting take on the topic! One of the major solutions of tackling conflicts, wars, hatred etc. in the future is to teach the young and upcoming generation about Peace Education.


No matter what resources one have, unless the people themselevs doesnt want to change, nothing will change. Peace education is the process of acquiring values, knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behaviors to live in harmony with oneself, others, and the natural environment.


There may be instances of conflict but to deal with it non-violently is what Peace Education teaches us. It tells us to acknowledge facts and then promotes non-violent ways to find a mutual solution.


Thích
Phản hồi lại

You make a valid point by saying that unless people want to change nothing will change, this is exactly why the government should implement programs like the peace program and introduce it as a mandatory subject once students will be forced to study aspects like these there will be sensitization which is exactly what we need as a state given that so many things are just kept under wraps, bringing to light the need for peace and tolerance will at least have students talking about the importance

Thích
Post: Blog2_Post
bottom of page