Female education in rural Balochistan.
The biggest province in Pakistan, Balochistan, is about the size of France and makes up almost 43% of the nation's total land area. With barely 5% of the population living there and most dispersed in small villages, it is also the least populous province. These towns have mostly escaped the effects of modernisation and have received little attention from the government. The unfortunate outcome of this lack of resources for these rural communities is that education is severely underfunded for everybody, with women and girls suffering the most from this neglect. In rural Balochistan, the state of female education paints a bleak image. Although 80% of Pakistanis lack literacy, the situation is even worse for rural women in Balochistan. In Balochistan, less than 2% of rural women are said to be literate. Both literate and illiterate cultures place specific duties on women, such as cooking, cleaning the home, caring for and rearing children, and providing any other domestic assistance required by her husband and other family members. Also, other facts play a more significant role in this, such as the unavailability of girls-only schools; also, in Balochistan, a Primary school is present every 30 kilometres, and a secondary school after every 50km, which makes it impossible for girls to go to school due to lack of transportation, and the enrollment rate falls vigorously as we move to higher levels of education In rural Balochistan, the advantages of education for girls are just now beginning to be understood.
The government have introduced different programmes for increasing girls' education, like (MFTTU). The Mobile Female Teacher Training Unit (MFTTU) is a project that came up as a result of the awareness that girls and women in rural regions should have access to education and that their role in rural development depends on their increased engagement in the process. The MFTTU and the society have been able to coordinate community resources for girls' education in rural areas and train female teachers for the villages thanks to a collaboration between the Government of Balochistan, from the provincial to the district level, and international organisations like UNICEF, USAID, PED, TVO, World Bank, and the Society for Community Support for Primary Education Balochistan. The major goal of this initiative was to find qualified females from the communities who would work as primary teachers in the villages, increasing the number of girls enrolled in primary schools in rural regions. The main task is to provide these teachers with training close to and in their communities. Three years of study and practice have been beautifully woven together. Even though it is a great model in principle, many female instructors have dropped out in later years. They are now looking for alternative, straightforward ways to obtain the diploma from Allama Iqbal Open University Courses or other private schools.