Globally, refugees make up an increasing share of those who have been forcibly displaced, and their demands for relief and development have never been greater. Over 80 million people will have been forcibly displaced by the end of 2020, including 10 million children worldwide. Since they have the fewest resources available, low- and middle-income countries are frequently tasked with sheltering refugees. Only two high-income nations (Germany and Chile) were among the top 15 countries hosting refugees globally in 2019. Five of the 13 remaining nations had low incomes, while eight had intermediate incomes. By the middle of 2020, only five nations were housing 39% of refugees who had been displaced abroad: Germany, Uganda, Pakistan, Colombia, Turkey, and Colombia.
With most of these countries often struggling with the education of their own citizens, education is often not a priority intervention in refugee response. For instance, only 2,407 (3.4%) of the 69,000 recorded interventions for Venezuelan refugees throughout the region of Latin America and the Caribbean in 2020 were connected to education. In keeping with this, 2.6% of humanitarian aid funds were allocated to education in 2019, which is far less than the 4% global aim and the 10% EU target.
When it has been offered, refugee education has typically been supplied in conjunction with other relief and assistance efforts by the humanitarian sector, which operates in tandem with national education systems. Children and youth from host countries go to schools that are a part of their national education system, but refugee students spend most of their time participating in educational activities, including those that take place in camps and may not always be connected to national curricula or accreditation frameworks.