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Unveiling the Divide Between Official Narratives and Historical Realities

The account of Balochistan’s integration into Pakistan is a complex narrative with varying perspectives. State-issued narratives as opposed to actual historical records and research insights reveal a very nuanced understanding of this issue.

Official accounts, especially those found in Pakistan Studies textbook from the Single National Curriculum and the Balochistan government’s website present a very reductive and sanitized version of events, where the narrative is presented as Balochistan’s supposed willingness to accede to Pakistan, emphasizing the tribal chief’s unanimous decision in favour of Pakistan. However, this account of events downplays the conflicts and violence that marked the annexation. According to researchers- in reality, Balochistan declared its independence along the same time that Pakistan was formed. Historical treaties such as the 1876 agreement between the Khan of Kalat and the British Raj reinforced Balochistan’s independent status, and their parliament’s resolution further emphasized the desire for relations with Pakistan as those between two sovereign states, not be accession.

It’s interesting to note how the textbook however relays these events, whereby it elaborated on the enthusiasm displayed by the Baloch in embracing their inclusion in Pakistan. According to the narrative, Nawab Muhammad Khan Jogezai is said to have interrupted Lord Mountbatten before the proclamation's completion, promptly declaring support for Pakistan, an announcement met with resounding applause throughout the hall. The inaccurate account in order to build up on the Pakistani ideology caused more harm than good one can argue, since it did not lead to any sort of consolidation, instead more conflicts.

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